Tuesday, July 31, 2007
Regimental Formation According to Hardee’s Tactics
Formation was arranged in the following company order; 1st, 6th, 4th, 9th, 3rd, 8th, 5th, 10th, 7th, and 2nd.
The highest ranking Captain (First Captain) was positioned on the right. The Second Captain would be positioned on the left. The next in line would be positioned at right of center, and so on.
Once the formation was assembled, the companies were designated, from right to left, first through tenth, for the purposes of control during maneuver.
The two companies on the right were called the 1st Division. The next two were called the 2nd Division, and so on, up to five divisions.
Each company was divided into two platoons. Each platoon was divided into two sections.
If a part of a regiment was maneuvering, at least two companies, that formation was called a battalion.
The color guard was positioned to the left of the right center company. Everything to the right of the colors was called the right wing, and everything to the left was called the left wing.
The formation, while in battle, was of two ranks, with the corporals placed on the right and left of each platoon according to height.
There was a space of thirteen inches from the back (or knapsack) to the chest of the next man in line.
Transfers of soldiers from stronger to weaker companies were authorized.
Placement of officers and sergeants in the company:
Captain on the right of the company.
1st Sergeant in the second rank behind the Captain. This is the right guide.
All remaining company officers and sergeants were posted as file closers, ensuring that no one fell out of the formation.
1st Lieutenant at the rear of the 4th Section.
2ne lieutenant at the rear of the 1st Platoon.
3rd lieutenant at the rear of the 2nd Platoon.
2nd Sergeant behind the second file to the left of center of the company.
3rd Sergeant behind the second file to the right of center of the company.
4th Sergeant behind the second file to the left of 1st Platoon.
5th Sergeant behind the second file to the right of 1st Platoon.
At the company at the left flank of the regimental formation, the 2nd Sergeant was placed in the front rank.
In the regimental formation, the Colonel, on horseback, was placed thirty paces behind the center of the formation. The Lieutenant Colonel was on horseback and assigned to the right wing, while the Major controlled the left wing, also on a horse.
The Adjutant was on foot and assigned on the right, while the Sergeant Major was also on foot and assigned to the left, both eight paces behind the file closers. They were in a position to assist the Lieutenant Colonel and Major during maneuvering.
If the field officers are not there, the Senior Captain would take charge,
Behind the formation were the Quartermaster, Surgeon, and any other staff officers.
The musicians (bugles, drums, any regimental bands) were placed to the rear of the closers.
This consisted of eight corporals and one sergeant. The sergeant was the color bearer and the corporals were formed around him. Their job was to protect the National and Regimental flags from falling into enemy hands. As such, the color bearer was the one the enemy aimed at the most. Some regiments went through several color bearers before the battle was over.
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