Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Camp Setup

At the end of a march or battle, it is important that the troops are encamped as quickly as possible. This would insure that the unit is fully accounted fore, as well as providing a dwelling place for the soldiers.

1. The idea area for a camp is a meadow with a slight slope for drainage; a hillside would be better, but not too steep.

2. An area with a stream or river nearby is most ideal. A spot upstream for drinking water, another area for washing and bathing, and a spot downstream for the sinks (latrine). The sinks should not be in an area that would pollute camps downstream. It that becomes a problem, dig a trench at the edge of the camp for that purpose. (It was known that there was a connection between cleanliness and disease, but did not know why.)

3. It would be a good idea to locate the field kitchen across the camp from the sinks. This area should not be near trees in order to cut the risk of fire.

4. Upon arrival at the site, post a company as camp guard in order to prevent unauthorized departures.

5. Weapons should be stacked in 3s or 4s and a guard placed on them.

6. Spots should be located for the Quartermaster and the Surgeon and their tents set up.

7. Tents for the Colonel, the Lieutenant Colonel, and the Major should be placed so they can overlook the camp. The Regimental Flags will be placed at the Colonel’s tent.

8. The tents of the private soldiers should be arranged in companies, with the Captain’s, Lieutenant’s, and Sergeant’s tents along the outside of the company area. The Private’s tents will fill the interior.

9. There should be a “street” between the soldier’s tents and the Commanding Officer’s. there should also be a large field for drilling, roll call, sick call, etc.

10. Once the tents are pitched, trenches should be dug to provide additional drainage.

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