Monday, August 06, 2007

Some obscure things....

Tucson, New Mexico (soon to be Arizona) Territory, was briefly occupied by the Arizona Rangers (CSA) under John R. Baylor. They pulled out when a strong Union force under James H. Carleton came out of California. Carleton became the first governor of the newly created Arizona Territory.

There was a 1st California Regiment at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, VA.

Colorado Territory formed four infantry regiments and one brigade of light artillery. Their only Civil War engagement was at Glorieta Pass.

Dakota Territory (present-day North and South Dakota) formed two cavalry companies but neither saw action in the war. They were created to replace Regular Cavalry who were brought East. The mission in the area was to guard against raids by Lakota tribes.

Delaware was a Slave state. It took the 13th Amendment to the Constitution to abolish the practice there.

Washington, D.C. was the most heavily fortified city in the world at the time.

In what would be the State of Oklahoma, there was a civil war within a civil war as the Five Civilized Tribes (Choctaw, Creek Cherokee, Seminole, and Chickasaw) split over their tribal leaders pledge to join the Confederacy. Some of these tribes actually owned slaves. The Cherokees switched loyalties and freed their slaves in 1864.

There was a 1st Nebraska Regiment at the Battle of Shiloh.

A Confederate flag flew briefly over Virginia City, Nevada. The silver out of the Comstock Lode, however, went into the Federal Treasury. As in Dakota Territory, Nevada formed units to replace Regular troops who were pulled to serve in the East.
Nevada became a state on 31 October, 1864.

The New England states were actually the first region to at least talk about secession. They were responding to the War of 1812, which they were against.

Oregon created ten cavalry companies of cavalry, but was only used in the state, and even that was supported by California troops.

Utah Territory’s involvement was limited to protecting the Overland Mail route and telegraph lines.

Washington Territory had to worry more about Shoshoni raids than any possible Confederate incursion.

The nation westward mail was served by the Pony Express from 1860 to 1861.

One of the largest news agencies that would report on the Civil War, the Associated Press, had already been in existence since 1848.

One of the two greatest naval battles of the Civil War did not take place in US waters, but in the English Channel. (USS Kearsarge vs. CSS Alabama)

Jefferson Davis emptied his own pockets in order to quell the Richmond Bread Riots. He was backed up by militia who were also aiming muskets at the crowd.

One of the greatest stories of the Civil War, The Red Badge of Courage, was written by Stephen Crane, who was born after the war.

The Gettysburg Address was written on an envelope during the train ride to Gettysburg.

The nation’s tax system had its genesis in the Internal Revenue Act of 1864. The income tax died after the war, but was revived thanks to the 16th Amendment in 1913. On top of a 3% tax on income, there were taxes on liquor, cigars, pipe tobacco, jewelry, licenses, and even inheritances.

“In God we Trust” was stamped on coins starting in late 1864.

At Irwinville, GA on 10 May, 1865, a party of Federal cavalry entered the camp of former CS President Jefferson Davis. As he was urged to escape by his wife, Varina, a shawl was thrown over him. This led to cartoons as well as a display at P.T. Barnum’s Showhouse depicting him in a dress.

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